With the area of 580.93 km2, the population of 135,589 people, this is the border district located in the West of the province sharing the border line with Cambodia with the length of 48 km.
National Highway No. 22B connects with Asian Highway to Capital of Phnom Penh of Kingdom of Cambodia; National Highway No. 14C runs along Vietnam-Cambodia border; connects with Provincial Road No.781, Provincial Road No. 786, Provincial Road No. 788, Provincial Road No. 796, Phuc Vinh - Soc Thiet etc. to create favorable conditions for Chau Thanh District in economic-cultural-social exchanges, to promote the production relationship with provinces/cities in the Southern Key Economic Zone, Mekong River Delta Region and ASEAN countries through border gates of Kingdom of Cambodia.
Communes in the East of Vam Co Dong River in Chau Thanh district; Having the advantages for developing light industrial sectors, processing industry, garment industry, mechanical industry associated with inner-region commerce, tourism. The communes in the West of Vam Co Dong River: Having the advantages for developing processing industry, mineral exploitation industry associated with border commerce and service.
Chau Thanh district has the favorable natural conditions and soil conditions for developing the ecological agriculture, hi-tech, modern and comprehensive agriculture to create the material sources for developing processing industries, commerce and service.